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Fabryka Porcelany Baranówka

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Examples of the Fabryka Porcelany Baranovka products

Names / Owners

1802 - 1820: 
Fabryka porcelany Michał Mezer & Adam Walewski
1820 - 1845: 
Fabryka porcelany - rodzina de Mezer
1845 - 1884: 
???
1884 - 1895: 
Fabryka porcelany - hrabina Kazimiera Grocholska
1895 - 1919: 
Fabryka porcelany Mikołaj Gripari

Historical note

The first mention of the village of Baranówka comes from 1566. Until 1918, it was within the Polish state, when it was incorporated into the territory of Soviet Russia (Барановка). After the breakup of the Soviet Union, she found herself in the territory of Ukraine (Баранівка).

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In 1802, before he left the factory in Korzec, Michał Mezer agreed with Adam Walewski and together they prepared the launch of a new porcelain factory in Baranówka. Mezer had rich deposits of kaolin clay and experienced workers nearby, who also left the manufacture in Korzec and in 1804 started production. In the first period, products very similar to those of the Korzec were produced, however, their own design and decorations were quickly developed.

In Baranówka, a wide range of tableware, plates, plates, soup vats, dressing machines, baskets, dishes, salad bowls, compotiers and table accessories were produced, forming a stylistic whole and with original design. The breakfast sets for one or two people, as well as beautifully modeled cups, were very popular in Baranówka. Paintings had mostly vivid colors: yellow, red and many shades of blue, and the main motives were field flowers and bouquets: primroses, cornflowers, forget-me-nots, daisies, pansies and poppies, as well as twigs with oak leaves and acorns, or corn ears . The painting achievement of Baranówka were beautiful miniatures painted on porcelain, to which motifs were drawn from Polish landscapes and contemporary drawings. Thanks to the excellent painting technique of the Baran artisans, the miniatures were very realistic, and today we can recognize Polish monuments, including the ruins of the castle in Łobozów, the castle in Ujazdów, the Sybilla temple in Puławy, or the Royal Castle in Warsaw. Polish historical figures such as Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Prince Józef Poniatowski were also frequent motifs.

The period of full bloom and splendor of the manufactory in Baranówka was in the years 1818 - 1840, and the proof of the highest recognition for the mastery of its products was the tsar Alexander I granted the privilege of marking their products with the state emblem of Russia, which was a significant distinction. Michał de Mezer remained the director of the factory until his death in 1820, and then his sons and his brother Franciszek managed it until around 1845 (the lack of data on this subject causes inconsistent information to be provided in various sources).

Later there is a period of significant reduction in the quality of the products of the manufactory (although they still competed with others on the ceramics market) and many owner changes and leases, of which little is known.

The owner in 1884 was the Countess Kazimiera Grocholska, who sold the factory in 1895 to a buyer from Odessa, Mikołaj Gripari, and this gradually changed the production of the plant to the technical goods sought after on the market. In 1914 a large part of the buildings of the factory and warehouses was destroyed by a fire.

After the revolution, in 1919 the factory was taken over by the Bolsheviks.

The history of the factory and porcelain marks from the period after 1919 can be read here ...